EDITORS’ NOTES (Debra D. Bragg, Elisabeth A. Barnett
1. Creating Access and Success: Academic Pathways Reaching Underserved Students (Debra D. Bragg, Eunyoung Kim, Elisabeth A. Barnett)
The fifty states differ in the degree to which they support various academic pathways that improve opportunities for underserved students to matriculate into college. This chapter discusses results of a fifty-state study conducted through the Academic Pathways to Access and Student Success initiative, and identifies curricular approaches that increase opportunities for underserved students to attend college.
2. Historically Underserved Students: What We Know, What We Still Need to Know (Denise Green)
Community colleges educate many underserved students, including minority, first-generation, and low-income students. This chapter discusses what we know about these students, how they have fared in college transitions, how educational pipeline and deficit models have helped or hindered their progress, and what community college educators should seek to understand about diverse student populations.
3. Local Pathways and Statewide Policies Aligning Standards and Curricula (Andrea Conklin Bueschel, Andrea Venezia)
This chapter describes examples of local pathways and statewide policies that align community college standards and curricula with those at high schools and four-year colleges and universities.
4. Florida’s Dual Enrollment Initiative: How State Policy Influences Community Colleges’ Service to Underrepresented Youth (Erika Hunt, Charles E. Carroll)
This chapter describes Florida’s Accelerated Mechanism Program, identifies challenges that have resulted from shifting intentions behind state dual enrollment policies, and shows how changing state policy has influenced strategies used by one college to successfully enroll underserved students and support their transition to college.
5. Middle and Early College High Schools—Providing Multilevel Support and Accelerated Learning (Terry Born)
Middle and early college high schools offer underserved students the opportunity to simultaneously engage in high school and college classes, with the goal of completing both a high school diploma and an associate degree within five years. This chapter describes student support services at two middle and early college high schools.
6. Achieving the Baccalaureate Through the Community College (Deborah L. Floyd)
This chapter presents the different ways in which community colleges participate in baccalaureate education, and debunks myths surrounding the controversial community college baccalaureate degree.
7. The Role of Career and Technical Education in Facilitating Student Transitions to Postsecondary Education (Donna E. Dare)
This chapter describes four models of career and technical education programs that integrate rigorous academic preparation to facilitate student transition to the community college.
8. How Students Benefit from High-Tech, High-Wage Career Pathways (Meg Draeger)
This chapter describes how the Miami Valley Tech Prep Consortium in Dayton, Ohio, is working to involve a wider range of students in Tech Prep pathways that bridge high school and college.
9. Arizona’s Teacher Education Initiative: Aligning High School and College Curricula (Cheri St. Arnauld)
The state of Arizona is proactively developing strong partnerships and working relationships to ensure that future teachers in the state will be ready for the rigorous expectations of the profession. These partnerships have created teacher education pathways that link high schools, community colleges, and public universities.
10. Academic Pathways and Increased Opportunities for Underserved Students: Crosscutting Themes and Lessons Learned (Elisabeth A. Barnett, Debra D. Bragg)
This chapter emphasizes crosscutting themes that emerge throughout the volume, paying particular attention to lessons learned about practice and policy. Creating multiple pathways that span different levels of the P–16 system is essential if educators and policymakers are to create a greater number of opportunities for underserved students to access and succeed in college.